The ancient Egyptians were so concerned about their afterlife and how to be ready for the other world, and this is so obvious in what they had left, mainly tombs and some temples, most of them are funerals.
No wonder in Egypt you can find maybe the most massive tomb in the world in shape, like the Great Pyramid, and a valley full of tombs of great kings in Luxor such as the Valley of The Kings, without forgetting Sakkara complex, the oldest necropolis ever known.
They were also creating a unique technique to save the body in good condition by mummification, using some jars to keep the organs in, which was called the Canopic Jars.
What Are The Canopic Jars? What Were Canopic Jars Used For?
When an Egyptian Pharaoh died, his body must be mummified to be well conserved.
The inner organs: lungs, liver, kidney intestine were removed and stored in Canopic Jars, except the heart because they believed that it must remain in the body as it will be the witness for or against the dead in the other world.
The purpose of EgyptianCanopic Jars is to keep these organs safe, which is necessary to be reborn in the afterlife.
These ritual Canopic Jars started in the old kingdom, as the first one found was from the 4th dynasty, which belongs to Queen Meresankh III.
It was a mistake associated by some early Egyptologists with a Greek legend of Canopus who was the boat captain of King Menelaus during the Trojan War; the myth recites that he died in Egypt and buried somewhere in Delta where he was worshiped.
A set of four jars carved from limestone or pottery with flat lids.
Till the middle kingdom, where some changes happened to the design, no more flat caps. Instead, human heads were covering the jars.
By the Nineteenth dynasty, four creature heads had replaced the human's heads, representing Horus' sons.
Each single Canopic Jar was covered by one of four gods heads, protecting a specific part of the viscera after being embalmed separately and wrapped in linen.
Ancient EgyptCanopic Jars were placed inside a chest called the Canopic Chest and buried with the sarcophagus in early times. It had been separated and arranged in a row or at the four corners of the burial chamber.
King Tut Canopic Jars are the most popular, as they were found in excellent condition as well as the whole treasure, made from alabaster, exposed in the Egyptian Museum Cairo, as a part of the King Tutankhamun treasure.
These Mummy jars were a part of the mummification and embalming process in ancient Egypt, which had been developed over different periods and dynasties.
It's a piece of art itself with all the gods' heads statues, each one taking care of his specified organ.