2023 . Aug . 17

Meidum Pyramid (Location, Name, Purpose, Facts, Shape & Collapse)

When anybody mentions the word Pyramid, the Great Pyramid of Giza must be the first thing to pop in your mind, since it is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. But did you know that there are more than 5000 Pyramids on Earth?! One of such pyramids is Meidum. We'll discuss its collapse, its history, and how it was discovered in the following paragraphs of this article.

The Medium Pyramid, also known as the Pyramid of Meidum or the Medium Pyramid, stands as a testament to the awe-inspiring architectural achievements of ancient Egypt. Built by Pharaoh Snefru during the Old Kingdom, this pyramid has witnessed a complex history, including a mysterious collapse and subsequent attempts at restoration. This article will delve into the intriguing tale of the Meidum Pyramid, exploring its construction, collapse, and the enigma surrounding Snefru's first pyramid.

pyramid of meidum.webp

Where Did The Word Pyramid or Iginate?

Have you ever wondered about the origin of the word Pyramid? It actually comes from a Greek word “Pyramid” that is Wheat Cake, because that’s how the Pyramids looked to the Greek when they saw them, they were actually called “Mer” in Ancient Egypt.

How Many Pyramids Exist in Egypt?

Egypt actually has 118 Pyramids. The Pyramids always amazed the whole world for multiple reasons, they started building them from the beginning of the Old Kingdom till the end of the Ptolemaic period in the 4th century AD. The Pyramid reflected the unique role of the Pharaoh in Ancient Egypt; they also reflected the economic condition at that time; the bigger the Pyramid, the more luxurious the situation was.
how many pyramids exist in egypt.webp

Egyptian Pyramids Facts

The pyramids weren’t built at first the way it is famous for now, the first Pyramid ever built was named “The Step Pyramid” due to its shape. The Maydum Pyramid is probably the second one constructed ever after “The Step Pyramid” of King Djoser, this one was initially built for the Third Dynasty King Huni and continued by Sneferu.

egyptian pyramids facts.webp

Where Was the Maidum Pyramid Built?

Medium Pyramid Construction & Height:

The Maidum Pyramid lies in Lower Egypt, about 100 Km south to Cairo, the Capital.

The Meidum Pyramid, located near the modern-day town of El-Haram, was constructed during the reign of Pharaoh Snefru, who ruled during the 4th Dynasty of ancient Egypt. Its initial construction is estimated to have taken place around 2600 BCE. It stood as one of the earliest large-scale pyramids and was originally intended to be a stepped pyramid characterized by several ascending layers.

As Snefru's engineers worked diligently on the pyramid, the structure underwent several modifications. The architects decided to transform it into a true pyramid by smoothing the steps and creating sloping sides, making it the first attempt at such a design. This alteration resulted in a change in the angle of the pyramid, from the initial inclination of approximately 54 degrees to the final angle of 43 degrees.

the name of the meidum pyramid.webp

What is The Name of The Meidum Pyramid?

The Meidum Pyramid has a very unusual shape; that’s why it is famous with the name “El Haraam El Kadaab,” the Arabic word for Pseudo Pyramid.

the purpose of the meidum pyramid.webp

What is The Purpose of The Maidum Pyramid?

Medium Pyramid Legacy & Significance-

They built it first as a step Pyramid; then they tried filling the steps with limestone encasing, then it collapsed and believed that they stopped working on it as many of the insides weren’t even finished. Despite its collapse, the Meidum Pyramid continues to captivate historians, archaeologists, and visitors alike.

The architectural experimentation in its design and subsequent modifications paved the way for the evolution of pyramid construction in ancient Egypt. Snefru's engineers learned valuable lessons from the Meidum Pyramid's collapse, applying their newfound knowledge to successfully constructing subsequent pyramids, such as the Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid.

the meidum pyramid facts.webp

The Maydum Pyramid Facts

Who Discovered the Maydum Pyramid?

The excavation of the Pyramid started in 1837 by John Shae Perring and later by Flinders Petrie, who also discovered the mortuary temple; further excavations were made till the 1970s.
The remaining part of King Sneferu’s Pyramid is about 65 meters high; according to Flinders Petrie, the Pyramid was designed initially with the same dimensions and proportions as the Great Pyramid of Giza.

who build the meidum pyramid.webp

Who Built The Pyramid of Meidum?

It is said that the Meidum Pyramid belongs to King Sneferu, not Huni, his father, because his name wasn’t mentioned in an inscription inside the Pyramid. It is more likely to be built by King Sneferu, the father of King Cheops.

Original Shape of The Collapsed Pyramid at Meidum

The uncertain facts about the collapse and the original shape of this Pyramid is what makes it unique.

What Shape Was The Pyramid at Meidum?

When Napoleon investigated Egypt in 1799, he said that is was three steps Pyramid the same as the present time, while the historian Al Maqrizi (1364-1442) said it looked like a five stepped-mountain, that’s why we aren’t sure about the time it collapsed it, or if it collapsed several times.

the pyramid meidum shape.webp

The Collapse

Medium Pyramid Collapse & Restoration

It is believed that the meidum pyramid partially collapsed in ancient times while building it due to construction errors. The best part about history is that there is always more to be discovered, several theories can be made, but it is hard to be certain.

Tragically, the Meidum Pyramid suffered a catastrophic collapse during or shortly after its construction. The reasons behind the collapse remain uncertain, with theories ranging from structural weaknesses to the instability of the desert ground on which it was built. The collapse left the pyramid in ruins, transforming it into what is known today as the Collapsed Pyramid at Meidum.

In later years, during the 12th Dynasty, Pharaoh Amenemhat III attempted to restore the Meidum Pyramid. His engineers constructed an outer limestone casing around the existing structure to stabilize and strengthen it. However, their efforts fell short of restoring the pyramid to its original glory.


The Meidum Pyramid is a striking example of ancient Egyptian architecture and the ambition of Pharaoh Snefru. Despite its turbulent history, including collapse and attempted restoration, it remains a testament to the perseverance and ingenuity of the ancient Egyptians. Today, it serves as a reminder of the ever-present mysteries that shroud the civilization that once thrived along the banks of the Nile.


Cairo, Nubia, Aswan and Luxor 10 days \ 9 nights

  • Start From 1225
  • 10 Days

8 Days Egypt Guided Tour Package Cairo, Luxor, Aswan & Abu Simbel

  • Start From 1225
  • 8 Days

11 Days Safari Egypt Travel (Cairo, Alexandria, Siwa, Bahariya, White Desert)

  • Start From 1225
  • 11 Days

5 Days Egypt Pyramids Travel Package Cairo & Luxor by Flight

  • Start From 1225
  • 5 Days

8 Days Cairo, Luxor & Aswan Honeymoon Tour Package

  • Start From 1225
  • 8 Days
Latest Post

A Nile River cruise in Egypt is a journey through time, allowing you to explore this historic

The History of Ancient Egyptian Mummies is a captivating tale that weaves together the mysteries

Egypt is known for its rich history & amazing ancient wonders, but it also brags an incredible

Egypt, with its rich history, ancient wonders, and breathtaking landscapes, offers an unparalleled

Egypt, a land shrouded in mystique and grandeur, has a rich and captivating history spanning

Popular Tags
  • Cairo
  • Aswan
  • Luxor