2023 . Aug . 09

All Facts About Ancient Egypt Pyramids Complex (Giza Necropolis) Khufu - Khafre - Menkaure

Facts, Beauty To Be Admired & Secrets To Be Revealed

Egypt, when this name comes up to your ears, there's an image that's rushing into your mind of three lined up huge Pyramids with maybe some camels wandering around, Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure (Cheops, Chephren, and Micerinus) are their names.


About 18 Km away from Cairo, the capital, you’ll find the Giza Necropolis, where the pyramids of the greatest kings of the Old Kingdom lays at the Giza plateau. The three magnificent pyramids of Cheops, Chephren, and Micerinus are considered One of the Seven Wonders of the world; even after 5000 years of building them, we still can’t figure out how the Pharaohs did it.


No wonder that this is the first thing to be thinking about. We are talking about something unique that hadn't revealed all its secrets yet, making mystery about how it was built with no such equipment, nowadays it's still considered a hard project to be done with all the technology and advanced equipment. So let’s get started with our Q & A to elaborate on all facts about ancient Egyptian pyramids.



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What are the Pyramids of Giza?

A pyramid is a building known around the world. Many civilizations were building pyramids for several reasons. Still, Egyptian Giza Pyramids are the oldest and the most known, and it is considered one of the seven wonders of the world.


How Many Pyramids Are In Egypt?

Pyramids in Egypt are estimated to be more than 100 pyramids. Still, the most known Pyramids of Egypt are the Pyramids of Giza, containing three main huge Pyramids with several smaller ones around.


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What is the oldest pyramid in the world?

The first Pyramid ever to be built is in the Sakkara complex (Saqqara ), the Step Pyramid of Djoser, from the 3rd Dynasty.


When Were The Pyramids Of Giza Built?

  • The main Pyramids are named after their builders; the biggest one is the Pyramid of Khufu, the largest pyramid in the world, also called the Great Pyramid, which was built in 2560 BC.
  • The middle one is the Pyramid of Khafre, which was built in 2570 BC. The King ruled from 2558 to 2532 BC.
  • And the third one is the Pyramid of Menkaure, built-in 2510 BC.

To sum up, The Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or Cheops, was built during the Old Kingdom period of Ancient Egypt. Its construction took place approximately between 2580 and 2560 BCE.


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What Are The Pyramid’s Shape And Dimensions?

This shape was chosen by early Egyptian kings to be leading to Ra the Egyptian sun god. The pyramid head represents the nearest point to the sun; it seems that Pharaoh Khufu loved Ra the most, as he had built the tallest and the largest Pyramid ever.


To Have a Full Image of How Huge It Is, Let’s Talk In Numbers For A While


The largest Pyramid in the world, Khufu or Cheops, was heightening at construction near 150 m, 146.5 m to be accurate (481 feet), but with erosion and after more than 4500 years, its present height is 138.8 m (455.4 feet).


It consists of an estimated 2.3 million blocks of limestone and granite, with an average weight of about 2.5 tons for a single one.


Each base side is 230.4 m long (755.9 feet). The estimated mass is 5.9 million tons, with a 2.5 million cubic meters volume (88 million cubic feet).


Did you get the full imagination about how great the challenge was? Yeah, it wasn't just a massive building; these people had the intention to be always remembered.


This leads us to ask, "How was it built?" a worthy question that has to be answered.


This mystery has consequences when something isn't so clear; people talk and try to make it clear or maybe more mysterious by some imaginary stories that could be transformed into some good Hollywood movies.


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How Were The Pyramids Built?

A widely known myth is talking about “Aliens," that had come to the area of pyramids thousands of years ago and offered help to the ancient Egyptians to build such buildings.


Wow, what a story! I liked it myself, but I would rather watch it as a movie or read it as a science fiction novel.


We aren't talking now about if aliens exist or not, but still, this story has no solid proof, so it could be believed or even be discussed.


There is a story that pyramids were built by slaves - Egyptian slaves or foreign slave’s labor.


Although this was so common at that time, archaeologists now believe that at least Khufu Pyramid (Cheops) was built by thousands of skilled workers who were camping near to the construction site, pointing to the workers' cemetery that was discovered by archaeologists Zahi Hawass and Mark Lehner in 1990 in this area.


No wonder that such a great monument needs to be built by professionals.


A lot more theories and stories could be famous and widely propagated and even believed without any base or solid proof.


“Which leads us back to the same point, how was it built?”


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The Great Pyramid Construction

To answer that question, we have to know where these large stones came from and how it was moved to the site.


It's believed that most of the rocks were transported from nearby quarries. However, the massive granite stones that were found in the King's chamber and were once covering the outer layer were transported from Aswan, about 800 km (497 Mile) away.


To move these stones from quarries to the site, it's believed that the ancient Egyptians had used a simple technique but effective, wet sands.


To move these stones from quarries to the site, it's believed that the ancient Egyptians had used a simple technique but effective, wet sands.


They found out that pouring some water on the sand in front of the stone reduces friction between the wooden sledge carrying the stone and the sand, which leads to reducing the number of men pulling the sledge to half compared by the dry sand case.


To explain this technique in an easy, simple way, let's go to the beach and try to build a sandcastle; what kind of sand are you going to use? I think you'll go to the wet sand near the water, because of its consistency.


It's the same; water increases the sand stiffness. It's like that these droplets of water create bridges between the sand grains, which make the pulling smoother.


But it shouldn't be over wet; the water should be between 2 to 5 percent of the sand volume; if more than this percentage, it will be useless, or maybe it'll be harder than before, which shows you how these Pharaohs were so accurate.


For the granite stones coming from Aswan, it's believed that it had been transported via the Nile by boats.


Stones are at the site of construction. Still, how was it built?

A device is needed to put stones on each other. Did these people have cranes? I think the answer is obvious; that's no.


After deep searches and excavations, archeologists came to many hypotheses, but the most common one and the more likely to be true is the ramp system.


A team of excavators found a similar system at a quarry called Hatnub in Egypt's eastern desert, it was a very steep ramp with staircases by both sides, and these stairs have holes in it that it was believed to be containing wooden posts.


Such a high technology that wasn't for sure common from 4500 years was maybe the first patent in history.


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Why Were The Great Pyramids Of Giza Built?

Inside the Khufu (Cheops) Pyramid is such a maze that you can get lost in.


That maybe was the intention of the builders to use it as tombs to protect the King's body and treasures from robbery, as they used to bury the King with what he could need in the afterlife, from food and drinks to gold and his expensive belongings.


Unfortunately, this technique couldn't save the King's mummy or treasure from robbery.


The Great Pyramid contains a lot of passageways and big voids. The grand gallery void, which is leading to the King's burial chamber, was the most popular known.


Until another big void was discovered recently as big as the grand gallery, we still don't know what it's containing or where it's leading to, which had led us to conclude that the Pyramids secrets hadn't been all revealed yet.


The mystery is one of the great Pyramids of Giza facts that couldn't be denied. These ancient Pyramids (especially the Great Pyramid Khufu) are evidence of greatness.


They show you how ancient Egypt was more advanced than any other civilization or population at their time. No wonder that some people believe that aliens had built it. It's hard to believe that this is a man hand creation at this time; it's still hard to believe it is our time.


These pyramids were tombs for these Kings, as they believed in the afterlife and how special should be the way of burial.


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20 Fascinating Facts About the Pyramids of Giza

The Pyramids of Giza, located on the outskirts of modern-day Cairo, Egypt, have fascinated historians, archaeologists, and tourists for centuries. These iconic structures, including the Great Pyramid of Giza, are magnificent architectural feats with rich historical and cultural significance. Now you will explore almost 20 fascinating facts about the Great Pyramids of Giza that shed light on the construction, historical importance, and intriguing details of the pyramids.


  • The Pyramids of Giza: The Pyramids of Giza, also known as the Giza Necropolis, consist of three main pyramids: the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), the Pyramid of Khafre (Chephren), and the Pyramid of Menkaure (Mycerinus).
  • Construction: These incredible structures were built during the Old Kingdom period of Ancient Egypt, specifically between 2580 and 2560 BCE.
  • The Great Pyramid of Giza: The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest and oldest of the three pyramids and the only remaining wonder of the original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  • Magnificent Architecture: The Great Pyramid of Giza was built using an estimated 2.3 million stone blocks, each weighing an average of 2.5 tons. The precision and engineering skills required for its construction are astounding.
  • Ancient Wonder: For over 3,800 years, the Great Pyramid held the record as the tallest manufactured structure in the world.
  • Eight-Sided Mystery: One intriguing fact about the Great Pyramid is its eight-sided appearance. The pyramid's corners are slightly concave, creating the illusion of eight sides when viewed from certain angles.
  • Historical Significance: The Pyramids of Giza served as elaborate tombs for the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. They believed in an afterlife and constructed these grand structures to ensure a smooth transition.
  • Enigmatic Chambers: The interior of the pyramids features elaborate passages and chambers. The main chamber in the Great Pyramid is the King's Chamber, believed to be the final resting place of Pharaoh Khufu.
  • Mysterious Sphinx: Adjacent to the pyramids stands the Great Sphinx, a mythical creature with a human's head and a lion's body. It is one of the largest & ancientest statues in the world.
  • Alignment with Constellations: The Pyramids of Giza are aligned with remarkable precision to the stars. The shafts inside the Great Pyramid align with specific constellations, linking the pharaohs' journey to the heavens.
  • Tourism Magnet: The Pyramids of Giza attract millions of tourists annually, making it one of the most visited archaeological sites in the world.
  • Symbol of Egypt: The Pyramids of Giza have become a symbol of Egypt and are featured in its currency, official documents, and various cultural representations.
  • UNESCO World Heritage Site: In recognition of their cultural and historical significance, the Pyramids of Giza were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979.
  • Archaeological Exploration: Archaeologists and researchers continue to uncover new insights into the pyramids' construction techniques and historical context through ongoing excavations and studies.
  • Advanced Engineering: The construction of the pyramids showcases the remarkable engineering skills of the ancient Egyptians. The precise alignment, complex internal structure, and massive scale are testaments to their expertise.
  • Labor Force: The construction of the pyramids involved an enormous workforce, including skilled craftsmen, engineers, and laborers. It is estimated that thousands of workers were involved in the construction process.
  • Symbolic Importance: The pyramids were powerful symbols of the pharaoh's divine authority and connection to the gods. They represented the pharaoh's ascent to the afterlife and immortality.
  • Preservation Efforts: To protect and preserve the Pyramids of Giza, restoration and conservation projects have been undertaken by both Egyptian authorities and international organizations.
  • Cultural Legacy: The pyramids have left an indelible mark on global culture, inspiring countless works of art, literature, and popular media. They kept on fascinating & captivate people of all ages.
  • Enduring Legacy: The Pyramids of Giza stand as a testament to the ingenuity and ambition of the ancient Egyptians. They are a reminder of Egypt's rich history and cultural heritage, captivating visitors worldwide.
  • The grandeur, mystery, and historical significance of the Pyramids of Giza remain one of the world's most awe-inspiring wonders. As we explore their remarkable facts and delve into their construction and cultural importance, we gain a deeper appreciation for the achievements of ancient civilizations and the enduring legacy of these magnificent structures.
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Why is the Great Pyramid of Giza important?

The Great Pyramid of Giza holds immense historical and cultural significance for several reasons:


  • Architectural Marvel: It is considered one of the greatest architectural achievements in human history. Its enormous size, precise construction, and advanced engineering techniques astound researchers and visitors alike.
  • Ancient Wonder:: The Great Pyramid is the only remaining wonder of the original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, solidifying its place as a remarkable testament to human ingenuity.
  • Royal Tomb: It was the burial place for Pharaoh Khufu, the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt. The pyramid symbolized the Egyptian pharaoh's power & his journey to the afterlife.
  • Cultural Significance: The Great Pyramid of Giza is deeply intertwined with Egyptian culture, religion, and mythology. It reflects the belief in the divine authority of the pharaohs and their connection to the gods.
  • Historical Insight:The pyramid provides valuable insights into ancient Egyptian civilization's social, political, and economic aspects. It offers clues about the time's construction techniques, labor force, and religious beliefs.
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How many tourists visit the Pyramids of Giza yearly?

The Pyramids of Giza attract a significant number of tourists every year. While the exact figures may vary, it is estimated that several million tourists visit the site annually. The pyramids remain a popular destination for travelers worldwide who seek to witness the awe-inspiring grandeur of these ancient structures.


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Fun Facts about the Pyramids of Giza:

  • Timeless Wonder:The Pyramids of Giza have stood for over 4,500 years, making them the oldest surviving structures among the original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  • Remarkable Precision:The base of the Great Pyramid of Giza covers an area of approximately 13 acres, and its sides align almost perfectly with the cardinal directions.
  • Hidden Chambers: While the main chambers within the pyramids are well-known, researchers have discovered hidden shafts and chambers over the years, adding to the intrigue and mystery surrounding these structures.
  • Alignment with Orion's Belt:The arrangement of the three main pyramids of Giza (Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure) mirrors the alignment of the stars in the Orion's Belt constellation, according to some theories.
  • Changing Appearance: Due to erosion and the removal of the outer casing stones, the pyramids would have appeared different in ancient times, covered in smooth limestone.
  • Relics of the Past:The pyramids were once adorned with intricate carvings, hieroglyphics, and polished casing stones, which have largely been removed or damaged over the centuries.
  • Astronomical Significance:The Great Pyramid's internal passages align with celestial bodies, including the North Star and certain important dates, such as the summer and winter solstices.
  • Pyramid Complex:The Giza Plateau, where the pyramids are located, also includes several smaller pyramids, tombs, temples, and the Great Sphinx, creating a complex of historical and archaeological significance.
  • Ongoing Discoveries: Despite centuries of exploration and study, the pyramids reveal new secrets and insights as archaeological research and scientific techniques advance.
  • Enduring Legacy::The Pyramids of Giza stand as a testament to the incredible achievements of the ancient Egyptians, inspiring awe and fascination in people of all ages and cultures to this day.
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